A self-taught and innovative Tuscan artist, Gianfranco Chiavacci (1936-2011) was born in Pistoia, near Florence, where he lived and worked for all his life. Surrounded by exceptional artistic circles around Milan and Florence such as Fiamma Vigo’s Galleria Numero, notorious for its unmatched flavor for the avant-garde and kinetic, abstract and geometric art, Chiavacci began his career as a painter in the 1950s.
In 1962, after taking a programming course on IBM’s first computers, Chiavacci’s curiosity in this new form of language sparked. With aspects of optical and kinetic art, he made paintings experimenting with different materials creating one-of-a-kind geometric figures and forms, all the while never using the computer, but the binary logic that is inherent to it. In this way, Chiavacci became a part of the unique and pioneering Italian art movement, Arte Programmata. The Arte Programmata movement, known as Italian Kinetic Art, was an important abstract art movement of the 1960s in Italy after the exhibition of May 1962, presented at the Olivetti showroom in Milan, Arte programmata. Arte cinetica. Opere moltiplicate. Opera aperta, curated by Bruno Munari and Giorgio Soavi.
In the 1970s, Chiavacci began to use photography as a tool of investigation. By separating himself from the common use of the camera, he researched, recorded and repeated the movement of objects in space and time. Using compositions, photograms, three-dimensional sculptures, color slides and most importantly, light, he developed his most extensive series Ricerce Fotografice (Photographic Researches), a body of work representing the purest form of abstraction. Through his systematic mannerisms, Chiavacci created a world where the system prepared by him became the abstract of art itself.
Chiavacci created, over the course of his fifty-yearlong career, an innovative aesthetic based on the binary language that deviates from the conventional rules of two-dimensionality. With an incredibly diverse and abundant production, the Tuscan artist mastered the art of experimentation in painting, photography and three-dimensional work.
2015 Gianfranco Chiavacci | François Morellet rigorosi, rigolards...
curated by Alessandro Gallicchio, Artforms and Die Mauer, Prato,
2013 Fotografia Totale, curated by Valerio Dehò, Palazzo Fabroni,
2012 Gianfranco Chiavacci - Ricerca Fotografica, curated by Angela
Madesani & Aldo Iori, Milan Image Art Fair 2012, Milan, Italy
2007 Gianfranco Chiavvaci, curated by Aldo Iori, Centro di
Documentazione sull’Arte Moderna e Contemporanea Pistoiese,
2003 Gianfranco Chiavacci, Galleria Vannucci, Pistoia, Italy
1994 Gianfranco Chiavacci. Limiti, curated by Bruno Corà, Opera
Associazione Culturale per le Arti Visive, Perugia, Italy
1996 Fernando Melani (e gli amici di Fernando Melani), Galleria
Vannucci, Pistoia, Italy
1984 Por la Paz, Mostra Internazionale di Mail Art, Santo Domingo
University, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic
1973 Gianfranco Chiavacci. Binarietà, Ti. Zero Center of Experimental
Aesthetic Research, Turin, Italy
1967 Gianfranco Chiavacci, Galleria Numero, Florence, Italy
1966 Piccolo Formato, Galleria Numero, Florence, Italy